The most effective way to destroy people is to deny and obliterate
their own understanding of their history and BJP is doing just that.
They must remember that they can twist historical facts, meddle with it
but they cannot change history. After the BJP leaders criticised the Taj Mahal,
the BJP Social media team is trying hard to spread hatred against the Mughals.
The Taj Mahal was built by someone who wanted to wipe out Hindus,
controversial BJP MLA Sangeet Som said.
He further added “the creator of the Taj Mahal (Mughal emperor Shah Jahan)
imprisoned his own father.”
A man shouldn’t skip his history lessons and if he does skip them, he shouldn’t go around lecturing people about history and spreading wrong information. Let me tell you sir,
Shah Jahan never imprisoned his father. It was Shah Jahan’s son Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb who imprisoned him.
Yogi Adityanath said the ivory-white marble mausoleum does not represent
“Indian culture”. These statements on the Taj have incensed the local people of Agra
and Indian citizens alike eliciting angry remarks from them.
The Mughals not only celebrated the Hindu festival of Diwali but also
celebrated Rakhshabandhan. I decided to write this article when a bhakt came and told me that Akbar is an exception when it comes to religious tolerance and an exception does not prove anything. He cited the example of Aurangzeb. I agree, an exception does not prove anything.
In this case Akbar isn’t the exception, Aurangzeb is the exception.
Babur was a Sunni Muslim, but he was very lax in Muslim religious observance
and practiced open-minded, tolerant Islam. He did not persecute the followers of
other religions and even prized learned men’s religious discussion.
Babur died in 1530 passing the torch to his son, Humayun.
Humayun followed in the religious footsteps of his father. He was just as tolerant as Babur was.
The only difference between the first and second ruler being that Humayun associated himself with the Shiite sect of Islam while his father associated himself with the Sunni sect.
The next Mughal emperor after Humayun is his son Abu’l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar.
When it came to religion, Akbar declared-
“No man should be interfered with on account of religion, and anyone is to be allowed to go over to a religion that pleases him”
(Dalrymple, “The Meeting of Minds”).
Throughout his whole reign, as well as his whole life, he was respectful of all faiths and even gave up hunting (a sport that he loved) out of respect for his Hindu subjects.
Akbar allowed subjects, even Hindus, in power positions within the government.
Mirza Nur-ud-din Beig Mohammad Khan Salim, known by his imperial name Jahangir was the fourth Mughal Emperor. He was a bad ruler who was addicted to drugs. Had it not been for his administrators and good generals, his kingdom would have ceased to prosper.
As far as religious tolerance is concerned, Jahangir too was somewhat tolerant like his father. He was no exception.
Next in the line to the throne comes Akbar’s grandson Shah Jahan.
He continued Akbar’s religious tolerance policies. Shah Jahan again is no exception.
Aurangzeb being the only exception in the case. He was one of the main reasons for the downfall of the Mughal empire. Religious fanatism always proves to be a disaster.
Aurangzeb being a fanatic Sunni Muslim spent the last 25 years of his reign (1681-1701) in his conflict with the three most powerful kingdoms: Bijapur (Shia Muslim kingdom),
Golkonda (Shia Muslim kingdom) and the Marathas.
Shah Jahan wanted his eldest son Dara Shukoh to be the next Mughal emperor.
Dara was the heir-apparent. However, Aurangzeb fought Dara and his other brothers, eventually killing Dara. The course of history would have been different had Dara Shukoh succeeded the throne of the Mughal empire after his father Shah Jahan.
Dara Shukoh was an enlightened paragon of the harmonious coexistence of heterodox traditions on the Indian subcontinent. He was an erudite champion of mystical religious speculation and a poetic diviner of syncretic cultural interaction among people of all faiths. This made him a heretic in the eyes of his orthodox younger brother Aurangzeb.